NGORONGORO CONSERVATION AREA
was created in 1959. In the 1920′s it was treated as part of the Serengeti. It is the largest unbroken volcanic caldera ( collapsed volcano) in the world, with the crater itself covering an area of 259 square kilometres and having walls over 600 meters high-ANIMALS-Most of the animals are permanent resident here. All the typical plains herbivores, including wildebeest, zebra, grants and thomsons gazelle, are well represented. All the most sought after animals, cape buffalo, waterbuck, eland, hartebeest, lions, elephant, black rhino, hippo, jackal(-silver-backed- golden and hyena), are well represented. Cheetah and leopard are present as well.
BIRDS-Ngorongoro is one of the few places left in east African parks, where one can still see this rare and extremely endangered speciesIs abundant in the crater, particularly in the marshlands and Lake Magadi. ostriches, kori bustards, secretary birds, and crowned cranes, ground hornbill, vultures, egrets, herons, geese, and flamingos, are well represented as well.